Slave Origins Of The Caribbean, Latin America & USA

In this post I will attempt to bring awareness to the origins of slaves who came to the New World, Caribbean, Latin America & USA.

Instead of trying to pinpoint a certain country I will give you a general overview of the world these Africans left behind.

Let me first bring your awareness to an idea that has shaped western society since the beginning of the Trans Atlantic slave trade. Continue reading


La música Y Ritmo Original De Los Cimarrones De Surinam

Musica, ritmo y bailes original de los cimarrones de Surinam.

Los cimarrones de Surinam lucharon por su libertad y ganaron en 1762 . Ellos se han mantenido en sus aldeas de 1762 hasta hoy en día.
Esta es la razón por la música , los ritmos y las danzas que traían de África aún se mantienen sin cambios .

Después de haber observado otras cimarrónes y culturas negras en las Américas Estoy sorprendido por las similitudes con los cimarrones Surimame especialmente en los ritmos que parecen muy similar al rumba de Cuba.

Te daré algunos ejemplos y sin duda que va a reconocer algunos de esos ritmos y bailes.

Continue reading

Wari game, Mancala Game, Adji Boto Game, Saamaka Maroons, Suriname

If you like strategy games you will like wari. In Suriname the popular African game, Oware, Wari or mancala, is still played by the Saamaka maroons.

In Suriname it’s called Adji Boto(ah djee boh toh)

Adji is the Ghanaian(Ewe) name for this game.

The game is deceptively simple. It’s very easy to learn but requires good strategy to win.


If you’ re interested in learning this game, there are lots of mancala apps and online mancala games to be found.

Suriname African Heritage – religion. Anana, Aisa, winti

Winti(ween tee)

Religious practices also survived. It is still being practiced by creoles in the city and maroons in the interior.

In Suriname we call it Winti.

I will briefly explain the Winti.

Winti, term, is sort of a catch phrase for spirit, spiritual, religion.


Anana(ah nah nah) is the main god or creator but you can only reach him through his lesser gods.

There are 4 groups of lesser gods: god of the earth, god of the water, god of the forest, and god of the air or wind

Aisa(eye sah), mother god of the earth,  is the highest and is considered closest to Anana. Which is why at most Winti rituals or payers begin with an offering or odo(oh doh) to Aisa, hoping that she will intervene on your behalf regarding many issues, such as healing, protection, or general blessing.

Winti is still practiced by maroons & creoles alike. The majority of creoles however are Christian, but the Winti religion still survives. Many maroons are also Christian but I’m not sure about the ratio. I do believe that the Saamaka are the largest Christian maroon group.

One of the most common prayers to Aisa, which everyone in Suriname has heard on many occasions is as follows:

Mama Aisa, gorong winti,
gorong gado,
A pikin suku yepi.

Mother Aisa, spirit of the earth,
god of the earth,
Your children are seeking your help.

This prayer is often accompanied by sprinkling an odo, offering, to the earth, usually some strong alcoholic drink.

The prayer sounds like this:

One personal note about this song.  In my opinion this song’s melody bears a slight resemblance to the African American spiritual “Deep River”.  Searh google: Deep River – Paul Robeson

One can often witness a Winti Prei,(Ween tee pray) which is a ritual prayer ceremony accompanied by drums, where you can see participants get in trance and perform supernatural acts, such as dancing barefoot on broken glass, on hot coals, eating glass and more, without any physical damage or cuts to the skin.

They cover part of their bodies with pemba doti(pih m bah doh tee), a white clay powder, (kaolin) which they believe will bring them closer to the god(s).

Example of a Winti Prei:

Suriname African Clothing Style – Pangi


Pangi is a piece of cloth that can be worn in many ways and traditionally a pangi always has a meaning. When the man wears it it is referred to as kamisah(kah mee sah)

It can be used for spiritual meaning, for conveying a message, or simply as a fashion statement and or showing your pride in your culture.

Sometimes Surinamese will also generally call a piece of clothing a pangi.

I’m just going to deal with the basic pangi.

Pangi Basics:

Pangi as a skirt with a matching head wrap or as a skirt with matching shoulder wrap:

pangi jurk pangi set

The men wear a kamisa(kah mee sah). Kamisa is same as a pangi but when a male wears it it’s called a kamisa over the shoulder as seen in these examples:

pangi-man1  pangi-man3 pangi-man2

Basic Pangi(Kamisa) Meaning:

The basic meaning of a kamisa when worn over the shoulder is as follows: If you wear it over your left shoulder, covering your heart, it means you are taken, married. If you wear it over your right shoulder it means your heart is open.

The pangis can be very elaborate with ruffles, intricate designs or you can use it very basic.

Here is a demonstration how to wear a pangi as a head wrap:

Mereille is an expert in natural hair care. If you want to learn how to wear your hair natural you can visit her site

Some tourists in Suriname loving the pangi:

touristen pangi

Some random Pangi pictures:

pangi vendor pangi fanci